This is a quick recipe for securing a playframework controller with http basic auth. It parses the basic auth header and validates it against a set of valid users. It’s just hard coded in this example - just plug in your own user management.


import AuthenticationHelpers._
import java.util.Base64
import play.api.mvc._
import play.api.mvc.Results._
import play.api.mvc.Security.AuthenticatedBuilder

object Authenticated extends AuthenticatedBuilder(
  onUnauthorized = { _ 
      .withHeaders("WWW-Authenticate" -> """Basic realm="Secured"""")

object AuthenticationHelpers {
  val validCredentials = Set(
    Credentials(User("michael"), Password("correct password"))

  def authHeaderValue(credentials: Credentials) =
    "Basic " + Base64.getEncoder.encodeToString(s"${credentials.user.value}:${credentials.password.value}".getBytes)

  def parseAuthHeader(authHeader: String): Option[Credentials] =
    authHeader.split("""\s""") match {
      case Array("Basic", userAndPass) 
        new String(Base64.getDecoder.decode(userAndPass), "UTF-8").split(":") match {
          case Array(user, password)  Some(Credentials(User(user), Password(password)))
          case _                      None
      case _  None

  def validateUser(c: Credentials): Option[User] =
    if (validCredentials.contains(c))

case class Credentials(user: User, password: Password)
case class User(value: String) extends AnyVal
case class Password(value: String) extends AnyVal

Usage in your controller:

def index = Authenticated { req 

And in your test:

val requestValidAuth = FakeRequest().withHeaders(
("Authorization", AuthenticationHelpers.authHeaderValue(
  Credentials(User("michael"), Password("correct password")))
val response = controller.someEndpoint()(requestValidAuth)
status(response) shouldBe OK

If a user hits that endpoint, her browser will pop up a username/password dialog. The source for a full application is available here.